IPv4 Address 2022 Infographics

Introduction An IP address is an unique address associated with a specific computer or network host. IP addresses are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and its regional registries to various organizations worldwide. IPv4 address uses a 32-bit address scheme. It serves as location addressing, network interface identification […]

Traceroute command and how to read a traceroute

On operating systems like Windows or Linux, there is an invaluable tool called the traceroute command (on Windows, the equivalent command is called tracert). This command-line tool enables system administrators or network engineers to troubleshoot common networking issues. Administrators use traceroute to probe for bottlenecks whenever a user complains that […]

What is botnet IP address?

A botnet is a group of Internet-facing devices which are controlled remotely by a command & control (C&C) server. These devices consist of computers, laptops and Internet of things (IoT) which have been compromised via malware or hacked. This makes botnet detection very important to organizations. When the person or organization […]

How to detect iCloud Private Relay?

Apple has recently introduced the iCloud Private Relay which helps users to browse anonymously using the Safari browser. It mimics the functionality of a proxy server which is normally used to shield the identity of the user from the destination website. https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT212614 Detecting iCloud Private Relay IP addresses using IP2Location […]

Pros and cons of IP2Location database vs. API

IP2Location geolocation data helps users to detect the location of persons by their IP addresses. With just the IP address, their physical locations like city, state and country can be easily determined. There are many uses for such data in online advertising, marketing as well as security applications. To make […]